Online Solicitation of a Minor in Texas

January 1, 2023 | By Shane Phelps Law
Online Solicitation of a Minor in Texas

Sex crimes are extremely serious, and Texas legislators have instated stringent laws and harsh consequences for those accused of sex crimes, especially those involving minors. A primary concern for advocates of harsher legislation against sex offenders is the vulnerability of children on the internet. While social media sites are making efforts to input safeguards to limit minor users’ exposure to potential abusers, the internet remains a dangerous place.

So, what is the line between poster and predator? What are the consequences of going too far?

In Texas, online solicitation of a minor refers to the act of an adult intentionally communicating in a sexually explicit manner with a person believed to be a minor under the age of 17 through various electronic means, such as social media, messaging apps, or other online platforms. This communication can involve text, images, videos, or any other form of digital content.

Prohibited Conduct

The Texas Penal Code Section 33.021, outlines the prohibited conduct associated with online solicitation of a minor.

It is illegal for an adult to:

  • Communicate with a minor in a sexually explicit manner with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person.
  • Believe that the person they are communicating with is a minor.

It is important to note that even if the person on the receiving end of the communication is an adult posing as a minor as part of a sting operation, the defendant can still be charged if they believed they were communicating with a minor.


Online solicitation of a minor is considered a serious offense, and the penalties are severe. The offense is generally classified as a third-degree felony.

If convicted, the potential penalties include:

  • Imprisonment: A term ranging from two to ten years in a state prison.
  • Fine: A fine of up to $10,000.

For defendants with a prior conviction for online solicitation of a minor, the offense is elevated to a second-degree felony, which carries even more severe penalties, including higher fines and longer prison sentences.

Additional Consequences

Aside from the legal penalties, individuals convicted of online solicitation of a minor face additional consequences that can have a lasting impact on their lives:

  • Sex Offender Registration: Convicted individuals are required to register as sex offenders, subject to the Texas Sex Offender Registration Program. This registration entails providing personal information, including addresses and photographs, to law enforcement authorities and making this information publicly accessible.
  • Collateral Consequences: A conviction can result in loss of employment, damaged reputation, and strained personal relationships. The stigma associated with a sex crime conviction can lead to isolation and difficulty reintegrating into society.


While each case is unique and outcomes depend on various factors, some potential defenses for individuals charged with online solicitation of a minor include:

  • Lack of Intent: If the defendant can demonstrate that they did not have the intent to engage in sexual activity with a minor or that the communication was taken out of context, it may weaken the prosecution's case.
  • Mistaken Belief: If the defendant genuinely believed they were communicating with an adult, they may argue that their belief was reasonable and, therefore, should not be held criminally liable.


The evolution of technology has brought new challenges to the forefront of criminal law, and online solicitation of a minor is one such challenge. TX law takes a strong stance against this offense to protect minors from potential harm.

Understanding the legal definitions, penalties, and defenses associated with online solicitation of a minor is crucial for both individuals seeking to avoid criminal charges and for legal professionals navigating these complex cases. If you or someone you know is facing charges related to online solicitation of a minor, seeking legal counsel is imperative to ensure a fair and just legal process.

How Our Team Can Help

An attorney can provide crucial assistance if you are facing online solicitation of a minor charges. This is a serious offense, usually classified as a third-degree felony, which carries a punishment range of 2 to 10 years in prison.

  • Legal Advice: An experienced attorney can provide expert legal advice tailored to your specific case. They can guide you through the complexities of the law, helping you understand the charges and potential consequences you are facing.
  • Specialized Knowledge: Online solicitation cases often involve unique computer forensic issues. A lawyer with specialized knowledge in this area can critically examine the evidence, challenge its validity, and potentially weaken the prosecution's case.
  • Legal Defense Strategies: Attorneys can devise effective defense strategies based on the specifics of your case, the evidence available, and their understanding of the law. They can potentially find loopholes or inconsistencies that could lead to reduced charges or even a dismissal.
  • Representation in Court: If your case goes to trial, a lawyer will represent you in court, presenting your defense, cross-examining witnesses, and arguing on your behalf to the judge or jury.
  • Negotiation Skills: An attorney can negotiate with the prosecution for a plea bargain, which might result in lesser charges or reduced sentencing.
  • Support & Guidance: Facing criminal charges can be stressful and confusing. A lawyer not only provides legal help but also offers emotional support and guidance throughout the process.

Remember, each case is unique, and the assistance an attorney can provide depends on various factors, including the specifics of the charges, the evidence, and the jurisdiction. Consulting with a professional can be the first step towards navigating this challenging situation.

If you have been accused of online solicitation of a minor, contact Shane Phelps Law immediately.